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Young Voice英语广播:2021(15)教育的意义和女性的成长

通讯员:刘娜    编辑者:陈三    发布时间:2021年06月18日    阅读:    

 

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2019年3月8日,“未来菁”中国行动的支持者杨澜接受中国日报专访:面对性别偏见的门槛,不妨问句“为什么不?”你是否也希望,自己可以像杨澜女士样,拥有独立的思想和人格,享受平等为女性带来的积极意义?让我们走进今天的访谈文章来探索“未来菁媖”吧。

下面给大家介绍一下生单词

ambassadorn.大使,代表

peasantn.农民,乡下人

stereotypen.刻板印象,老套

rice field稻田

initiativen.主动权

shattervt.粉碎,破坏

holisticadj.整体的,全盘的

overseaadj.海外的

cognitionn.认识,认知


The meaning of Education and The growth of Women

教育的意义和女性的成长

Why did you decide to become an ambassador for the Inspiring Women initiative?

为什么决定成为“未来菁媖”的形象大使?


Well, I like very much the concept of "inspiring women" because it is about breaking social stereotypes based on gender. You know we are all consciously or unconsciously influenced by social stereotypes. People may say, you are a girl, you don't have to study that hard. Or you are a girl, it's natural that you are not good at math. Those are social myths or stereotypes we need to break, otherwise it would limit the potentials of those talented individuals, or talented boys and girls. As I say, in the society, we do have some glass ceilings. We can work together to break that. But also, there are some invisible barriers that you can ask "why not".

我很喜欢“激励女性”这个概念,因为它关乎打破基于性别的社会刻板印象,你知道我们有意无意间都在受到社会刻板印象的影响。人们可能会说,你一个女孩儿没必要学习那么刻苦。或者是,你一个女孩儿不擅长数学很正常,这些都是我们需要打破的错误社会观念或刻板印象,否则所有才华横溢的人,都将受其所限,难以发挥自己的潜能,无论是男生还是女生。社会中的确存在一些玻璃天花板,我们可以一起努力将其打破,但是也有一些隐形的壁垒,在汉语中我们叫作“门槛”,我们可以问问“为什么不?”


What role does education play in empowering women?

教育在赋予女性力量方面扮演什么角色?


Wow, in many many ways. I grew up as a single child of the family. I think the very best lesson my parents taught me was that being a girl or a boy you have to be self-sufficient. You have to have your independent thinking. And you have independent ways of earning your life. Have your own footing in the society. And so education can give you that. Later on I realize the fundamental or the most valuable contribution of education is to make you a more holistic person. Because we are all living in this world with all sorts of limitations, and all sorts of temptations and challenges. But having education is about having the capability to learn, having the capability to form your own opinions no matter how noisy the surroundings are.

我觉得教育有着很多种重要的意义,我是独生子女家庭长大的孩子,我认为父母给我上过的最好的一堂课就是不论你是一个男孩儿还是女孩儿,你都必须自立自强,你必须要独立思考有主见,你要有自己独立的赚钱方式,在社会中拥有自己的立足点,因此,教育可以给你这些。后来,我意识到教育最根本最宝贵的贡献。是让你变成一个更加全面的人,因为我们都生活在这个世界里,其中有各种各样的限制,也有各种各样的诱惑和挑战,但是接受教育能让你具备学习的能力,具备形成自己观点的能力,无论周遭是多么嘈杂。


Mr. Hu Shi, who was a pioneer of the Chinese modern education, once said that education is not a beautiful piece of clothes, which will make you look good. Rather it is a pair of glasses, which makes you see the world better. I think it is about self-recognition, self awareness but also about the cognition and understanding of the world and being able to seek your own way.

胡适先生,中国现代教育的先驱,他曾说道,教育不是一件漂亮的衣服,能让你光彩照人,而是一副眼镜,能让你更好地看世界。因为我觉得不仅关乎自我认知和自我意识,而且关乎对世界的认知和理解,并能够寻找自己的方向。


What is your interpretation of lifelong learning?

您对终身学习怎么理解?


Lifelong learning is not only a great fun, but also it is a vital surviving skill that every individual needs to master now. I found out that women learn in a few kind of, they think different ways. Sometimes different from men's behavior patterns. One is that they have more holistic view about what knowledge is,the relationship management, our emotional well-beings, and how to raise a child. They are all part of the knowledge that we need to learn. Secondly, we have different skill sets or mind sets among our life. Once you are married, you have children, our mind sets or skill sets can be quite different. So there are different phases of learning.

终身学习不仅其乐无穷,也是我们每个人需要掌握的一项极其重要的生存技能。现在我发现女性的某些学习方式很独特,有时候跟男士的一些行为模式大不一样。一方面她们对“知识是什么”这个问题有更全面的看法,人际关系的管理,我们的情绪健康以及如何抚养孩子,这些都是我们需要学习的知识的一部分。其次,我们生活在不同阶段,掌握的技能和观念模式也会变化。一旦我们结了婚或者生了孩子,我们的思维模式和技能可能会大不相同,所以学习有不同的阶段。


How has the perception of China overseas changed over the last few decades?

据您观察,海外对于中国的认知在过去十几年发生了怎样的变化?


Wow, it has changed a lot. When I was studying in the U.S. for my postgraduate studies in the mid 1990s. People in such a city as New York knew very little about China. They thought you know we are peasants working in the rice field, wearing the straw hats, and didn't have television. When I shared my story in class, saying that I had you know hundreds millions of audiences. They were all astonished. They didn't know that Chinese people could afford television set at that time.

变化挺大的,九十年代中期,当我在美国攻读硕士学位的时候,像纽约这样一个城市里的人对中国的认知是知之甚少。他们认为,我们是在稻田里工作的农民,戴着草帽,没有电视看。因为当我在课上分享我的故事时,说自己有上亿的观众他们都非常吃惊,他们不知道那时候的中国人能买得起电视机。


And of course, during the past two decades also, that images or stereotypes, have been greatly shattered because people have so many opportunities to know a real Chinese individual in their neighborhood, or see the news on the different aspects of China. So I think for China, keeping open to the world and being a part of the world is very very important. So I cherish the "One Belt One Road" initiatives to let more people have the opportunities to work with Chinese directly. And I also cherish all sorts of educational exchange programs between China and the world. I think one of the big differences is that nowadays there are more and more overseas students or foreign students coming to study, stay and work in China. And they bring out a much vivid and lively image of Chinese people's life to the world. So I think I am a believer in openness, exchanges, and people-to-people contacts. And I think every individual is the ambassador in some ways.

当然,在过去的二十几年中,这种刻板印象已经很大程度上被打破,因为人们有很多机会能够在自己的社区里了解一个真正的中国人是怎样的,或者是从新闻中看到中国各种不同的方面。因此,我认为,对于中国而言,保持对世界的开放,成为世界的一部分非常重要。因此,我很珍视“一带一路”倡议,它能让更多人拥有和中国人直接合作的机会,我也很珍视中国与世界各国的各种教育交流项目。我认为如今最大的不同之一就是,有越来越多的海外留学生来华读书,定居,工作,他们能向世界展现一幅更加生动鲜活的中国人民的生活图景。所以我相信开放交流,以及人与人之间的联系,我认为每个人都是某种形式的大使。


来源:China daily


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